What JANUMET is used for
Janumet(Generic Name: Sitagliptin–Metformin) is prescribed as a powerful oral medicine to treat type 2 diabetes. Janumet is very useful to control high blood sugar if it is taken properly with exercise and proper diet plan. It may possibly be used with or without other medications to control type 2 diabetes mellitus, but your doctor is the best person to decide that. There are mainly three key aspects that Janumet targets to lower blood glucose level – i) helping our pancreas to produce more insulin, ii) to decrease the amount of excess sugar that is produced by our liver, and iii) it helps our body to use insulin more efficiently that it makes. As a result, it is easier to control high blood sugar all the day even after meals, and it is very unlikely to cause any weight gain or causing hypoglycemia by itself
How JANUMET works
Janumet is a combination of two medications, Sitagliptin (as phosphate monohydrate), a class of medicines called DPP-4 inhibitors and Metformin hydrochloride, a class of medicines called biguanides. Sitagliptin increases the level of Incretinswhich are protein hormones that is very helpful to control blood sugar as it works by stimulating insulin secretion after eating. Incretins also plays a crucial role to decrease the amount of sugar that our liver makes. Metformin, on the other hand, works by helping to restore the proper response of our body to the insulin that our body produces naturally. Metformin is also useful in decreasing the amount of sugar that our liver produces.
It is very important to control high blood sugar as type 2 diabetes mellitus may cause several serious health hazards like Blindness, nerve problems, Diabetic Nephropathy, several issues with sexual functions, and loss of limbs etc. We can also greatly decrease the risk of heart attack or stroke if we can control diabetes properly.
How to take JANUMET
Janumet is available in tablet form and taken by mouth twice a day with meals or as directed by your doctor. Taking the medicine with food will reduce your chance of stomach upset. Drink plenty of water and other fluids while you are on this medication unless your doctor suggests any other fluid intake plan.
Determining the dosage depends upon various factors like the medical condition of the patient and the medicines he/she might be taking, response to treatment etc. Always inform your doctor and pharmacist about all the medicine and supplements you are taking weather by prescription or non-prescription, any known fact about any kind of allergies etc. If you are already taking any other medication for high blood sugar, please follow the advice of your doctor to continue or discontinue the same. Also, try to remember a particular time of the day so that you can take the medicine at the same time every day to get the most benefit of it.
Keep checking your blood glucose level at regular intervals and inform the same to your doctor so that your doctor can adjust the dose or change treatment accordingly.
How long to take Janumet
As long as your doctor prescribes, keep taking the medicine continuously along proper diet plan and exercise to achieve your goal of keeping your blood sugar level under control.
If you miss any dose
If you forget to take it, take it immediately when you remember. But, if it is close to the time of next dose, skip the missed one and start taking it on its regular schedule.
Never take any double dose of the medicine to compensate a missed dose of it.
In case of overdose
Contact your doctor immediately or visit the emergency department of your nearest hospital. Do this even there is no sign of discomfort or illness after taking too much of Janumet to avoid any fatal incident.
Things you must do while you are on JANUMET
Contact your doctor immediately, if you become pregnant while you are using Janumet.
Inform the doctor or pharmacist about it if you are to start a new medicine.
Things you must not do while you are on JANUMET
Never give it to anyone if they are on same or similar condition as you but have not been prescribed for it.
Never skip your meal after taking the medicine as it may cause serious illness.
Do not change your dose by yourself.
Never stop taking it without consulting with your doctor.
Side effects of Janumet
Like all medicines, it also may cause some side effects. Though the studies available till date shows that the side effects are mild and patients do not require to stop the medication due to side effects.
Vomiting and nausea, headache, diarrhea or stomach upset may occur. Inform your doctor if you see any of the symptoms persists or worsen.
Serious allergic reactions to this medicine are very rare. In case of any allergic reactions like rashes, hives, breathing issues or swelling on tongue, lip, face, throat or any other allergies, infection in the breathing passage or upper respiratory tract, stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical help.
Be cautious if you notice any symptoms like severe stomach pain that is persisting long, often with vomiting and nausea. These symptoms may be the signs of pancreatitis, a very serious life threatening medical condition. Stop taking the medicine and contact your doctor or seek emergency medical help at your nearest hospital.
Do not take Janumet if you notice any symptoms of Lactic Acidosis. Lactic Acidosis is caused due to build up of lactic acid in our bloodstream. It is a very serious life threatening medical condition that can cause death and must be treated in a hospital. Though it is very rare, Metformin, one of the main ingredients present in Janumet may cause this fatal medical condition. The symptoms of lactic acidosis include feeling very tired and week, abnormal muscle pain, trouble in breathing, stomach pain with vomiting and nausea, diarrhea, irregular or slow heart beat, feeling cold in arms and legs etc.
Other than these, some additional side effects have been reported when Sitagliptin, one of the primary ingredients in Janumet, has been used with or without some other diabetic medicines. The conditions are like:
Pain in arm, leg or joint
Kidney related issues which sometimes required dialysis
Patients may suffer from other side effects which may not be listed above. Please do not get alarmed to see the long list of side effects. You may not experience any of them.